Jewish and Rabbinic

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Rabbinic Traditions

Primary Sources


Mishnah, Tosephta, & both Talmuds in English & Hebrew. Searching requires membership though all texts can be read for free.

Holy Writings [Hebrew]

Tanach, Mishnah, Tosephta,Talmud etc...

Mishna at Mecho-Mamre

First major written redaction of the Jewish oral traditions called the "Oral Torah". Text according to Maimonides' manuscript.

Mishna manuscript JTS MS R1622.1

The website devoted to Mishna manuscript JTS MS R1622.1, written during the 12th century in Italy and currently housed in the Library of the Jewish Theological Seminary of America (New York).

Mishnah at Jerusalem's Hebrew University

First major written redaction of the Jewish oral traditions called the "Oral Torah"

David Kaufmann and his collection

Kaufmann Mishnah as high resolution scans

Mishnah MS R1622.1

One of the most complete Mishnah manuscripts. Images with transscription.

Kaufmann Mishnah as high resolution scans Tosefta

Compilation of the Jewish oral law from the period of the Mishnah

Babylonian Talmud


Babylonian Talmud


Babylonian Talmud English Soncino Translation

Downloadable PDFs

Lieberman Institute

Bab. Talmud & Mishnah from separate manuscripts (Free Registration)

Jerusalem Talmud


Talmud Yerushalmi translation [little yet]


Downloadable for PC & Palm



Primary Witnesses

Jewish Sources - Vaiqra Rabbah

Hebrew manuscripts in parallel

Megillat Taanit in Hebrew


Midrash Rabbah in Hebrew


View the text from various manuscripts for





Online Treasury of Hebrew Manuscripts






Talmud page layout Interactive Guide

with introductions to the main commentaries etc

Hellenistic Judaism


Project on Ancient Cultural Engagement

PACE project on Josephus' Wars -- prof. Steve Mason


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Soncino Babylonian Talmud in English

Full text with footnotes, but only 16 tractates.

Rodkinson's Babylonian Talmud in English

Full text but only 22 tractates (+ 3 supplementary tractates).

Rodkinson's omitted portions

These were considered by him to be 'defamatory to the Rabbis'. He thought were inserted by Jewish-Christians

Talmud Manuscripts Project  - (Jewish National and University Library)

- facsimiles of 78 MSS of Babylonian Talmud & Mishnah from 11 libraries

Wikisource Mishnah - (the free library anyone can edit)

An online commuunity project to make a public domain translation with hebrew text. Unfinished. Good explanations in footnotes.


on the OT

Ralbag's commentary on the Torah

French born Levi ben Gershon (1288–1344), whose Torah commentary is to be found here.

Rashi's Commentary on the whole OT

Rashi in English and Hebrew[Rashi has disappeared but hopefully it will come back]

Rashi Commentary in English - Tehillim - Chapter 90 - Psalms - Torah - Bible


on the Talmud

eDaf Talmud pages and audio explanation

facsimiles of the traditional pages linked to audio translation & explanation

Judaism and the NT

Traditions of the Rabbis in the Era of the New Testament (T-R-E-N-T)

- earliest traditions dated and explained, esp for NT relevance

Into His Own - Perspective on the World of Jesus

Citations from background texts, organised by subject.

Ancient Jewish Accounts of Jesus

Josephus, Celcus, Tertullian, Talmud, Toledoth Yeshu - full texts with introductions..

Talmudic passages about Jesus

Full text of Christianity in Talmud and Midrash by R. Travers Herford and Jesus Christ in the Talmud, Midrash, and the Zohar by Gustav Dalman


Primary Sources

Targums in Aramaic

Onqelos, Pseudo-Jonathan, Neofiti, Fragmentary, & other non-Torah Targums.


Targums in English

Onkelos, Pseudo-Jonathan, Fragmentary trans. by Etheridge. Torah plus a few more.


Anthology & Tales

Legends of the Jews by by Louis Ginzberg

- a readable account conflating all Jewish aggadic literature (footnotes are missing)

Tales And Maxims From The Midrash by Rev. Samuel Rapaport

- large collection of selections from a wide range of Midrashim


Mysticism during the Talmudic Era: Sources

The basic sources


Philip A. Harland Associations, Synagogues, photos of Asian cities


Inscriptions of Israel/Palestine

texts of published inscriptions

Archaeology of Jerusalem and the Temple

Ritmeyer is an archaeologist and a graphic designer. His pictures are superb.


Ancient Synagogues

Primary sources and archaeology for ancient synagogues


Jewish Encyclopaedia

For ancient Judaism this is than the modern Encyclopaedia Judaica. Full text and searchable

Bar mitzvah tutor

illustrated encyclopaedias of places, people, plants etc plus

Torah reading guide


Jewish virtual library

an online encyclopaedia incl. 






Introduction to Judaism

from Biblical to modern times. By a Christian, but very good.

Jastrow's Rabbinic Lexicon

Dictionary of the Targumim, the Talmud Babli and Yerushalmi, and the Midrashic Literature.

Hebrew alphabet & links to teach-yourself

also has intros to almost every other written text form. Amazing!

Mechon Mamre

an Othodox site with very useful tools & texts plus guide to 

festivals & lifestyle


Ancient Kettubot - Marriage certificates

- 1200 MSS covering 900 years, searchable. Pictures of the originals are often very beautiful

Early Hebrew Printing by Michael Davidson

- links to manuscripts and editions of Rabbinic texts

Digitized Book Repository Jewish National and University Library

- rare and out-of-print books, mainly in Hebrew

Judaica Libraries and Archives on the Web

- links to significant collections of Judaica around the world

Jewish History Sourcebook

- links and documents covering the whole history of the Jews

Online Texts and Documents Related to Jewish History

- covers ancient to modern, concentrating on actual texts


The Friedberg Genizah Project

Geniza photos & text

Taylor-Schechter Genizah Introduction

Taylor-Schechter collection of the Cairo Genizah documents. Very early Jewish papyri. View the texts 




Leon Levy Dead Sea Scrolls Digital Library

Digitised library of the Dead Sea Scrolls (high-quality images made using spectral imaging)

Library of Congress Dead Sea Scrolls Exhibit

The texts in translation, with pictures and introduction. Also archaeological finds.

Dead Sea Scroll photos and links

Orion Center in Israel. Photos

Index to DJD and an exhaustive 


Bibliography from 1995.


The Great Isaiah Scroll

Photographs, variants, discussion, and translation of the Qumran Isaiah Scroll.


An online scholarly archive of all of Rabbi Dr Louis Jacobs' writings

During his lifetime Rabbi Dr Jacobs published over 500 books, articles and book reviews. The site has been created to enable scholars and researchers to access his works quickly and easily.

Learn Hebrew Prayers: Tutorial- The Vowels

simple rules on how to pronounce Hebrew vowels